EBB is active on overarching issues, such as sustainable development, good governance, participatory democracy, and the rule of law in Europe and beyond.  Membership in the EBB is open to all civil society organizations that are genuinely committed to environmental sustainability.

The primary focus of the EEB is on the EU and its decision-making processes.  However, the advocacy also works on wider regional and global processes, in particular on the Global Agenda for Sustainable Development.

The EEB has increased its cooperation with Eastern European environmental organizations.  The organization assists them to use European regulations to strengthen their national environmental policies.