The Paris Agreement, UN SDG 11 of the 2030 Agenda, and the New Urban Agenda all serve as national urban policy frameworks for sustainable urban development and tools for their localization. Where each country is responsible for the implementation of the global agreements locally, local governments are responsible for the implementation of SDG 11.
For the assessment of global cities, various indexes rank the qualitative and qualitative factors. Some indexes rank them in terms of their human-centric achievements, the inherent social and lifestyle benefits they offer, their relative quality of life, or the total progress towards their achieving all 17 UN SDGs. Other city indexes rank their prosperity, corruption, cost of living, availability of technology applications, and potential for success.
The New Urban Agenda serves as a qualitative toolbox for the accomplishment of the 2030 Agenda in municipalities and the formulation of national urban policy. SDG 11 focuses on national urban policy and targets sustainable urban development and planning and provides detailed indicators.
The New Urban Agenda is intended as a resource for different actors in the various levels of government and for the private sector, civil society organizations, and all who use urban spaces. The territorial approach to local development (TALD) calls for a coherent and integrated national urban policy that considers the city in its regional context.
The initiatives require new urban rules and regulations, improved urban planning and design, and municipal finance. They call for consultation and inclusion of all actors and stakeholders in the process, including partnerships with business and civil society to find sustainable solutions to the urban challenges.
Local governments bear the primary responsibility for urban management, public services delivery, and key infrastructure. They are generally accountable to citizens in their jurisdiction for the planning, construction, development, management and improvement of urban areas.